Current Issues

The Human Effort Index looks at how hard people have to work to produce the food, clothing and shelter we need, along with the extra material comforts we crave.

In regions with moderate climate and abundant resources, it’s taken relatively little effort to produce a good living. In more marginal lands with harsher climates, much more effort is required for survival.

In the Canadian Arctic, for example, indigenous people had to work constantly to eke out the barest living, often punctuated by periods of starvation and population decline. Their material possessions were minimal, their food storage capacity low and their educational system completely survival oriented.

Read Full Story

Most Canadians believe the climate is changing and that human activity is responsible.   Many Canadians are aware that Canada’s record of greenhouse gas emission (GHG) increases is among the worst in the world.  And if asked where the increase in carbon emissions is coming from, virtually every Canadian would say the oil sands.

And they would be wrong.  For despite the rapid development of the oil sands and its inherently GHG emissions intensive nature, they constitute only a fraction of Canada’s emissions increase.  

Read Full Story

Natural and social scientists develop new model of how 'perfect storm' of crises could unravel global system

Read More

How To Use the Website