Immigration - General
Canada’s current immigration policy continues to be based on the concept of never ending growth. Since our population would have stabilized on its own at a level of about 27 million with zero net migration (balanced immigration) from 1970 onwards, much higher levels of immigration (mass immigration) was seen as the only way of maintaining GDP growth.
The other elements influencing policy consist of the desire to expand markets for certain interest groups, to keep Canadian wages down and a claimed attempt to delay the impacts of aging.
Basically, the current goal is growth with no consideration of productivity, higher wages, equality levels or environmental impacts.
Immigration to Canada greatly influences many aspects of Canadian life.
- carbon emissions
- social cohesion
- job quality
- urban congestion
- house price inflation
- government deficits
The large annual flow of immigrants pre-determines how Canada and Canadians fare in many of the most important aspects of national and personal well-being.
Despite its huge effects, Canadian immigration policy stands on its own with no consideration for the viability of the national objectives it undermines. Canada’s commitment to the Kyoto Accord and it’s almost annual declaration of war on child poverty are worthless given the impacts of adding the equivalent of a medium-sized city every 5 years populated by a growing body of working poor.
Our current immigration policy reflects:
- a tangled web of special interests
- a 19th-century mentality of endless exploitation of natural resources
- no regard for the health and sustainable limits of Canada’s or the world's environment
- no regard for the economic well-being of our citizens.
Nor does the current policy acknowledge the clear will of Canadians regarding levels of immigration and the consequent ever expanding population.
Canadian immigration policy should be integrated into a coherent strategy aimed at achieving the clear national goals of environmental and fiscal sustainability, improving individual well-being and assuring social cohesion and security.
We recommend the stabilization of Canada’s population and the reduction of consumption levels so our environmental footprint and contributions to global warming and climate change are reduced.
Immigration - Advanced
The population size and growth rate of a country are determined by a number of factors. Natural increase comes from the fertility rate (number of children per woman of child bearing age) and life expectancy. The higher the number of births and the longer people live, the larger the population will grow. Net migration (number of people entering the country minus the number leaving) is the external factor which has to be added to the domestic drivers.
In 2010 in Canada, with the fertility rate close to replacement level, and life expectancy close to stabilizing, the question of population size and growth rate is largely a question of immigration levels.
Our immigration policy of the past 40 years has pushed our population level 7 million higher than it would have been with balanced levels (zero net). Consequently, Canada has had the fastest growing population in the developed world. Currently at an annual immigration rate of 250,000, our population is on track to top 45 million by 2050.
Several political parties wish to see our population grow forever and have adopted a 1% immigration policy. This means that if our population in 2010 is 34 million, we would be admitting 340,000 immigrants annually. In 2050, with a population of 45 million, immigration would be 450,000 and climbing forever.
Population size and growth rates have a huge impact on all aspects of Canadian life. Socially, economically and environmentally, the effects of population dynamics are usually the most influential fundamental factors which national policy development has to deal with. Of course, in Canada, there is currently no consideration of immigration impacts in any of our national policies.
Although Canada refers to itself as a young country, virtually none of its resources are being used at below sustainable levels. We may be young but we have burned through our natural resources - once thought of as 'an unlimited treasure trove' - faster than any nation in history. We need to have forward looking national policies in place which take the effects of population size and growth rates into account.
Immigration - Reference
Immigration Statistics by CountryRead More
It is young local workers who are the main losers in the competition for employment. This is especially the case for those without post-school education, who are seeking less skilled, entry-level jobs,Read more
One of the most serious problems involving public policy issues in Canada is the seeming inability of our politicians to recognize when policies that served the nation well in the past have, over time, become obsolete.Read more
|Diplomat & International Canada|
Study of human migration worldwideRead More
This paper examines the implications of this slow down in employment growth for AustraliaRead more
|Centre for Population and Urban Research|
Components of the Immigrant Stream (250,000 total in 2011) Into Canada
- Economic 63%
- Family Class 23%
- Refugees 11%
- Other 3%
The vast majority of immigrants (63%) state their intention to enter the workforce. 17% of the 63% are considered to be in the professional class